(The Book of Joel was the second book of the twelve books that made up the minor prophet section of the Old Testament. This post contains the entire book which essentially related one prophecy in various levels of detail. Joel was a prophet to Judah before the time of Israel's captivity. Joel's message focused on the chronology from his current time through eternity except for the events during the next dispensation (our Dispensation of Grace). These events included: the coming destruction of Israel by Babylon, the beginning of the next dispensation at Pentecost, the completion of his current dispensation with the Tribulation, and the restoration of Israel in the Millennial Reign and for eternity.)
1 The word of Jehovah that came to Joel the son of Pethuel.
(Joel was a prophet to Judah.)
2 Hear this, ye old men, and give ear, all ye inhabitants of the land. Hath this been in your days, or in the days of your fathers?
3 Tell ye your children of it, and let your children tell their children, and their children another generation.
(Joel gave a warning for the people to hear God's Word and to tell the subsequent generations.)
4 That which the palmer-worm hath left hath the locust eaten; and that which the locust hath left hath the canker-worm eaten; and that which the canker-worm hath left hath the caterpillar eaten.
(Four insects were presented. These insects symbolized the destruction of Judah. The four types of insects were actually four types of locusts:
1) palmer-worm - gnawing locust,
2) locust - swarming locust,
3) canker-worm - licking locust,
4) caterpillar - consuming locust.
The order was also from least to most destructive.)
5 Awake, ye drunkards, and weep; and wail, all ye drinkers of wine, because of the sweet wine; for it is cut off from your mouth.
6 For a nation is come up upon my land, strong, and without number; his teeth are the teeth of a lion, and he hath the jaw-teeth of a lioness.
(Babylon was the nation that would come against Judah.)
7 He hath laid my vine waste, and barked my fig-tree: he hath made it clean bare, and cast it away; the branches thereof are made white.
8 Lament like a virgin girded with sackcloth for the husband of her youth.
(Judah was told to mourn the husband of her youth: God the Father.)
9 The meal-offering and the drink-offering are cut off from the house of Jehovah; the priests, Jehovah's ministers, mourn.
10 The field is laid waste, the land mourneth; for the grain is destroyed, the new wine is dried up, the oil languisheth.
11 Be confounded, O ye husbandmen, wail, O ye vinedressers, for the wheat and for the barley; for the harvest of the field is perished.
(Judah was told to be confounded (ashamed) and to wail because the land's source of profitability would be destroyed.)
12 The vine is withered, and the fig-tree languisheth; the pomegranate-tree, the palm-tree also, and the apple-tree, even all the trees of the field are withered: for joy is withered away from the sons of men.
13 Gird yourselves with sackcloth, and lament, ye priests; wail, ye ministers of the altar; come, lie all night in sackcloth, ye ministers of my God: for the meal-offering and the drink-offering are withholden from the house of your God.
(More commands to lament and wail this time because offerings would be withheld from the temple.)
14 Sanctify a fast, call a solemn assembly, gather the old men and all the inhabitants of the land unto the house of Jehovah your God, and cry unto Jehovah.
15 Alas for the day! for the day of Jehovah is at hand, and as destruction from the Almighty shall it come.
("The day of Jehovah" in this verse was the physical day that Judah would be judged.)
16 Is not the food cut off before our eyes, yea, joy and gladness from the house of our God?
17 The seeds rot under their clods; the garners are laid desolate, the barns are broken down; for the grain is withered.
18 How do the beasts groan! the herds of cattle are perplexed, because they have no pasture; yea, the flocks of sheep are made desolate.
(The "sheep" could not find food. They had no shepherds/pastors.)
19 O Jehovah, to thee do I cry; for the fire hath devoured the pastures of the wilderness, and the flame hath burned all the trees of the field.
20 Yea, the beasts of the field pant unto thee; for the water brooks are dried up, and the fire hath devoured the pastures of the wilderness.
(This chapter covered the coming captivity and destruction from Babylon.)
(Verses 1-11: were referred to in Daniel 11:40.)
1 Blow ye the trumpet in Zion, and sound an alarm in my holy mountain; let all the inhabitants of the land tremble: for the day of Jehovah cometh, for it is nigh at hand;
(Verses 2-11: the supernatural armies of God at Armageddon.)
2 a day of darkness and gloominess, a day of clouds and thick darkness, as the dawn spread upon the mountains; a great people and a strong; there hath not been ever the like, neither shall be any more after them, even to the years of many generations.
3 A fire devoureth before them; and behind them a flame burneth: the land is as the garden of Eden before them, and behind them a desolate wilderness; yea, and none hath escaped them.
4 The appearance of them is as the appearance of horses; and as horsemen, so do they run.
(See Revelation 9:7.)
5 Like the noise of chariots on the tops of the mountains do they leap, like the noise of a flame of fire that devoureth the stubble, as a strong people set in battle array.
6 At their presence the peoples are in anguish; all faces are waxed pale.
7 They run like mighty men; they climb the wall like men of war; and they march every one on his ways, and they break not their ranks.
8 Neither doth one thrust another; they march every one in his path; and they burst through the weapons, and break not off their course.
9 They leap upon the city; they run upon the wall; they climb up into the houses; they enter in at the windows like a thief.
10 The earth quaketh before them; the heavens tremble; the sun and the moon are darkened, and the stars withdraw their shining.
11 And Jehovah uttereth his voice before his army; for his camp is very great; for he is strong that executeth his word; for the day of Jehovah is great and very terrible; and who can abide it?
12 Yet even now, saith Jehovah, turn ye unto me with all your heart, and with fasting, and with weeping, and with mourning:
(Israel/Judah was given a call to repentance because Jehovah's army would win at the end of the Tribulation.)
13 and rend your heart, and not your garments, and turn unto Jehovah your God; for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and abundant in lovingkindness, and repenteth him of the evil.
(God was referring to a heart change ("rend your heart"). God wanted true repentance, not based on appearance.)
14 Who knoweth whether he will not turn and repent, and leave a blessing behind him, even a meal-offering and a drink-offering unto Jehovah your God?
15 Blow the trumpet in Zion, sanctify a fast, call a solemn assembly;
16 gather the people, sanctify the assembly, assemble the old men, gather the children, and those that suck the breasts; let the bridegroom go forth from his chamber, and the bride out of her closet.
17 Let the priests, the ministers of Jehovah, weep between the porch and the altar, and let them say, Spare thy people, O Jehovah, and give not thy heritage to reproach, that the nations should rule over them: wherefore should they say among the peoples, Where is their God?
18 Then was Jehovah jealous for his land, and had pity on his people.
(The events in verses 19-20 were referred to in Daniel 11:44-45.)
19 And Jehovah answered and said unto his people, Behold, I will send you grain, and new wine, and oil, and ye shall be satisfied therewith; and I will no more make you a reproach among the nations;
20 but I will remove far off from you the northern army, and will drive it into a land barren and desolate, its forepart into the eastern sea, and its hinder part into the western sea; and its stench shall come up, and its ill savor shall come up, because it hath done great things.
(Some will turn to God before the end of the Tribulation and God will protect and restore Israel.)
21 Fear not, O land, be glad and rejoice; for Jehovah hath done great things.
22 Be not afraid, ye beasts of the field; for the pastures of the wilderness do spring, for the tree beareth its fruit, the fig-tree and the vine do yield their strength.
23 Be glad then, ye children of Zion, and rejoice in Jehovah your God; for he giveth you the former rain in just measure, and he causeth to come down for you the rain, the former rain and the latter rain, in the first month.
24 And the floors shall be full of wheat, and the vats shall overflow with new wine and oil.
25 And I will restore to you the years that the locust hath eaten, the canker-worm, and the caterpillar, and the palmer-worm, my great army which I sent among you.
(The order of locusts (1:4) was reversed. God would restore the damage from even the least destructive locusts. God would restore Israel/Judah.)
26 And ye shall eat in plenty and be satisfied, and shall praise the name of Jehovah your God, that hath dealt wondrously with you; and my people shall never be put to shame.
27 And ye shall know that I am in the midst of Israel, and that I am Jehovah your God, and there is none else; and my people shall never be put to shame.
(Verses 28-31 and the first part of verse 32 were quoted by Peter on Pentecost (Acts 2)…)
28 And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions:
(The Holy Spirit would be poured out upon all flesh, on Pentecost.)
29 and also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my Spirit.
(Verses 30-32: signs that precede the second coming of Christ.)
30 And I will show wonders in the heavens and in the earth: blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke.
31 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and terrible day of Jehovah cometh.
32 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of Jehovah shall be delivered; for in mount Zion and in Jerusalem there shall be those that escape, as Jehovah hath said, and among the remnant those whom Jehovah doth call.
(Notice, like we saw in the books of Isaiah and Daniel, here was another example of an Old Testament prophecy that straddled the end of the Dispensation of the Law and the completion of the Dispensation of the Law. Our dispensation was grafted in between Joel 2:29 and Joel 2:30. Joel 2:28-29 occurred at Pentecost, the event that marked the end of the Dispensation of the Law and the beginning of our dispensation: the Dispensation of Grace. Joel 2:30-32a will occur prior to the end of the Tribulation. The Tribulation is the "70th Week" from the Book of Daniel, which will be the last seven years of the Dispensation of the Law. The second portion of Joel 2:32 ("...for in mount Zion...") will occur after the end of the Dispensation of the Law during the 7th dispensation: the Millennium. Also, Paul referenced this verse in Romans 10:13.)
1 For, behold, in those days, and in that time, when I shall bring back the captivity of Judah and Jerusalem,
(The restoration of Judah and Jerusalem after the end of the Tribulation.)
2 I will gather all nations, and will bring them down into the valley of Jehoshaphat; and I will execute judgment upon them there for my people and for my heritage Israel, whom they have scattered among the nations: and they have parted my land,
(The Valley of Jehoshaphat: Jehoshaphat meant "Jehovah has judged." This valley was essentially called: The Valley of Judgment. In Daniel 12:10-11 we saw there would be thirty days of judgment after the battle of Armageddon.)
3 and have cast lots for my people, and have given a boy for a harlot, and sold a girl for wine, that they may drink.
4 Yea, and what are ye to me, O Tyre, and Sidon, and all the regions of Philistia? will ye render me a recompense? and if ye recompense me, swiftly and speedily will I return your recompense upon your own head.
5 Forasmuch as ye have taken my silver and my gold, and have carried into your temples my goodly precious things,
6 and have sold the children of Judah and the children of Jerusalem unto the sons of the Grecians, that ye may remove them far from their border;
(Certain Jews had been sold in slavery to the Grecians.)
7 behold, I will stir them up out of the place whither ye have sold them, and will return your recompense upon your own head;
(The enemies who oppressed Judah (Tyre, Sidon, Philistia) would have their recompense upon their head...judgment.)
8 and I will sell your sons and your daughters into the hand of the children of Judah, and they shall sell them to the men of Sheba, to a nation far off: for Jehovah hath spoken it.
(Their sons and daughters would be sold to the men of Sheba. Sheba was a nation in southern Arabia.)
9 Proclaim ye this among the nations; prepare war; stir up the mighty men; let all the men of war draw near, let them come up.
10 Beat your plowshares into swords, and your pruning-hooks into spears: let the weak say, I am strong.
11 Haste ye, and come, all ye nations round about, and gather yourselves together: thither cause thy mighty ones to come down, O Jehovah.
12 Let the nations bestir themselves, and come up to the valley of Jehoshaphat; for there will I sit to judge all the nations round about.
(Verses 13-16: the destruction of the armies of the Antichrist.)
13 Put ye in the sickle; for the harvest is ripe: come, tread ye; for the winepress is full, the vats overflow; for their wickedness is great.
14 Multitudes, multitudes in the valley of decision! for the day of Jehovah is near in the valley of decision.
(The "valley of decision" was the valley in which they will meet their doom. The same as the Valley of Jehoshaphat, that is, the Valley of judgment.)
15 The sun and the moon are darkened, and the stars withdraw their shining.
16 And Jehovah will roar from Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the heavens and the earth shall shake: but Jehovah will be a refuge unto his people, and a stronghold to the children of Israel.
(The remainder of this chapter covered the future restoration of Israel after the battle of Armageddon…)
17 So shall ye know that I am Jehovah your God, dwelling in Zion my holy mountain: then shall Jerusalem be holy, and there shall no strangers pass through her any more.
18 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the mountains shall drop down sweet wine, and the hills shall flow with milk, and all the brooks of Judah shall flow with waters; and a fountain shall come forth from the house of Jehovah, and shall water the valley of Shittim.
19 Egypt shall be a desolation, and Edom shall be a desolate wilderness, for the violence done to the children of Judah, because they have shed innocent blood in their land.
20 But Judah shall abide for ever, and Jerusalem from generation to generation.
(Judah will dwell forever.)
21 And I will cleanse their blood, that I have not cleansed: for Jehovah dwelleth in Zion.
(The Book of Joel was the second book of the twelve books that made up the minor prophet section of the Old Testament. Joel was a prophet to Judah before the time of Israel's captivity. Joel's message focused on the chronology from his current time through eternity except for the events during the next dispensation (our Dispensation of Grace). These events included: the coming destruction of Israel by Babylon, the beginning of the next dispensation at Pentecost, the completion of his current dispensation with the Tribulation, and the restoration of Israel in the Millennial Reign and for eternity.)