(The previous post concluded the second of the three sections of nine chapters in Part II of the Book of Isaiah. This section focused primarily on Jesus' first coming to earth. Again, this section also concluded with the statement that the wicked would not have peace.)
(This began the third section of nine chapters in Part II of the Book of Isaiah. This last section focused from the time of Christ's second physical return to earth through eternity...)
1 Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice like a trumpet, and declare unto my people their transgression, and to the house of Jacob their sins.
(God was commanding Isaiah to declare to Israel their sins.)
2 Yet they seek me daily, and delight to know my ways: as a nation that did righteousness, and forsook not the ordinance of their God, they ask of me righteous judgments; they delight to draw near unto God.
(Israel had sought out God as if they had been righteous.)
3 Wherefore have we fasted, say they, and thou seest not? wherefore have we afflicted our soul, and thou takest no knowledge? Behold, in the day of your fast ye find your own pleasure, and exact all your labors.
(The Jews were asking God, "when we fast, why don't your hear us?")
4 Behold, ye fast for strife and contention, and to smite with the fist of wickedness: ye fast not this day so as to make your voice to be heard on high.
(The Jews did not fast to be heard from God but rather to smite wickedness. This was a wrong how/why for fasting. This verse showed that the purpose for fasting was not to not eat, the purpose for fasting was for prayer...making "your voice to be heard on high.")
5 Is such the fast that I have chosen? the day for a man to afflict his soul? Is it to bow down his head as a rush, and to spread sackcloth and ashes under him? wilt thou call this a fast, and an acceptable day to Jehovah?
(Again, how and why they fasted was wrong.)
6 Is not this the fast that I have chosen: to loose the bonds of wickedness, to undo the bands of the yoke, and to let the oppressed go free, and that ye break every yoke?
(God gave some Right why’s for fasting. Notice, there was a difference between fasting to smite the wicked and fasting to loose the bonds of the wickedness. Smiting was a specific effect, which was an attempt by the person fasting to put themselves in God's place. Loosing the bonds was a cause.)
7 Is it not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? when thou seest the naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh?
(The Jews were encouraged to strengthen the hand of the poor and needy.)
8 Then shall thy light break forth as the morning, and thy healing shall spring forth speedily; and thy righteousness shall go before thee; the glory of Jehovah shall by thy rearward.
(Strengthening the hand of the poor and needy was a cause the Jews ought to have been doing. It was righteous and would have resulted in Reward.)
9 Then shalt thou call, and Jehovah will answer; thou shalt cry, and he will say, Here I am. If thou take away from the midst of thee the yoke, the putting forth of the finger, and speaking wickedly;
(Doing these things for the right reason (why) and in the right way (how) would lead to God hearing you.)
10 and if thou draw out thy soul to the hungry, and satisfy the afflicted soul: then shall thy light rise in darkness, and thine obscurity be as the noonday;
(Doing this cause would lead to light rising in the obscurity/darkness…)
11 and Jehovah will guide thee continually, and satisfy thy soul in dry places, and make strong thy bones; and thou shalt be like a watered garden, and like a spring of water, whose waters fail not.
(…and God would guide you continually.)
12 And they that shall be of thee shall build the old waste places; thou shalt raise up the foundations of many generations; and thou shalt be called The repairer of the breach, The restorer of paths to dwell in.
(This would lead to repair, to life.)
13 If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, and the holy of Jehovah honorable; and shalt honor it, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words:
14 then shalt thou delight thyself in Jehovah; and I will make thee to ride upon the high places of the earth; and I will feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father: for the mouth of Jehovah hath spoken it.
(If you delighted in the Sabbath and pursued God, then you would be delighting in God.)
1 Behold, Jehovah's hand is not shortened, that it cannot save; neither his ear heavy, that it cannot hear:
2 but your iniquities have separated between you and your God, and your sins have hid his face from you, so that he will not hear.
(Israel was the cause of their separation from God.)
(Verses 3-8: showed the causes, their iniquities, that separated them from God.)
3 For your hands are defiled with blood, and your fingers with iniquity; your lips have spoken lies, your tongue muttereth wickedness.
(Their words and actions were wicked.)
4 None sueth in righteousness, and none pleadeth in truth: they trust in vanity, and speak lies; they conceive mischief, and bring forth iniquity.
(The word sueth meant "to call out; proclaim." None of them were speaking righteousness or truth. Their faith was in unprofitable things. Again, their words were wrong.)
5 They hatch adders' eggs, and weave the spider's web: he that eateth of their eggs dieth; and that which is crushed breaketh out into a viper.
6 Their webs shall not become garments, neither shall they cover themselves with their works: their works are works of iniquity, and the act of violence is in their hands.
(More examples of wicked actions.)
7 Their feet run to evil, and they make haste to shed innocent blood: their thoughts are thoughts of iniquity; desolation and destruction are in their paths.
(Their thoughts were filled with iniquity. Thoughts are made of words.)
8 The way of peace they know not; and there is no justice in their goings: they have made them crooked paths; whosoever goeth therein doth not know peace.
(They did not know or do Justice or peace.)
9 Therefore is justice far from us, neither doth righteousness overtake us: we look for light, but, behold, darkness; for brightness, but we walk in obscurity.
(The effects of their wickedness: Justice and Righteousness (God) were not near them.)
10 We grope for the wall like the blind; yea, we grope as they that have no eyes: we stumble at noonday as in the twilight; among them that are lusty we are as dead men.
(Also, they were as "dead men," people who could not repair. They had no life.)
11 We roar all like bears, and moan sore like doves: we look for justice, but there is none; for salvation, but it is far off from us.
12 For our transgressions are multiplied before thee, and our sins testify against us; for our transgressions are with us, and as for our iniquities, we know them:
13 transgressing and denying Jehovah, and turning away from following our God, speaking oppression and revolt, conceiving and uttering from the heart words of falsehood.
(Their own transgressions against God had caused Justice and Salvation to be far from them. This was Israel's fault, not God's.)
14 And justice is turned away backward, and righteousness standeth afar off; for truth is fallen in the street, and uprightness cannot enter.
15 Yea, truth is lacking; and he that departeth from evil maketh himself a prey. And Jehovah saw it, and it displeased him that there was no justice.
(They lacked truth, the right words. Truth was "facts that created in the long term": a right what with a right how/why.)
16 And he saw that there was no man, and wondered that there was no intercessor: therefore his own arm brought salvation unto him; and his righteousness, it upheld him.
(God saw that Israel had no intercessor so He brought Salvation.)
17 And he put on righteousness as a breastplate, and a helmet of salvation upon his head; and he put on garments of vengeance for clothing, and was clad with zeal as a mantle.
(Part of the Armor of God: Ephesians 6.)
18 According to their deeds, accordingly he will repay, wrath to his adversaries, recompense to his enemies; to the islands he will repay recompense.
(God was Just and everything would be equaled out.)
19 So shall they fear the name of Jehovah from the west, and his glory from the rising of the sun; for he will come as a rushing stream, which the breath of Jehovah driveth.
20 And a Redeemer will come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith Jehovah.
(The Redeemer was Christ.)
21 And as for me, this is my covenant with them, saith Jehovah: my Spirit that is upon thee, and my words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seed's seed, saith Jehovah, from henceforth and for ever.
(God's Covenant with those who were redeemed was that the Spirit would not depart from them.)
1 Arise, shine; for thy light is come, and the glory of Jehovah is risen upon thee.
(The Light of Israel in the Millennium will be the Glory of God: Jesus.)
2 For, behold, darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the peoples; but Jehovah will arise upon thee, and his glory shall be seen upon thee.
(Darkness will cover the earth right before the second physical coming of Christ and God's Glory will bring light.)
3 And nations shall come to thy light, and kings to the brightness of thy rising.
(The Gentiles will be drawn to the Light: Jesus.)
4 Lift up thine eyes round about, and see: they all gather themselves together, they come to thee; thy sons shall come from far, and thy daughters shall be carried in the arms.
(Israel will be gathered together during the Millennium.)
5 Then thou shalt see and be radiant, and thy heart shall thrill and be enlarged; because the abundance of the sea shall be turned unto thee, the wealth of the nations shall come unto thee.
6 The multitude of camels shall cover thee, the dromedaries of Midian and Ephah; all they from Sheba shall come; they shall bring gold and frankincense, and shall proclaim the praises of Jehovah.
(The nations that come to worship God in Israel when Christ reigns during the Millennium will proclaim the praises of God. This verse can also be applied to the wise-men (Magi) who brought gold and frankincense to Jesus: Matthew 2:11.)
7 All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee, the rams of Nebaioth shall minister unto thee; they shall come up with acceptance on mine altar; and I will glorify the house of my glory.
(The temple during the Millennium will be glorified by God.)
8 Who are these that fly as a cloud, and as the doves to their windows?
9 Surely the isles shall wait for me, and the ships of Tarshish first, to bring thy sons from far, their silver and their gold with them, for the name of Jehovah thy God, and for the Holy One of Israel, because he hath glorified thee.
10 And foreigners shall build up thy walls, and their kings shall minister unto thee: for in my wrath I smote thee, but in my favor have I had mercy on thee.
(Gentiles will also serve God and Christ during the Millennium. They will rebuild the temple.)
11 Thy gates also shall be open continually; they shall not be shut day nor night; that men may bring unto thee the wealth of the nations, and their kings led captive.
(The Millennial temple in Jerusalem will be continually open. Everyone will have access to this place.)
12 For that nation and kingdom that will not serve thee shall perish; yea, those nations shall be utterly wasted.
(Nations that do not serve God will perish.)
13 The glory of Lebanon shall come unto thee, the fir-tree, the pine, and the box-tree together, to beautify the place of my sanctuary; and I will make the place of my feet glorious.
14 And the sons of them that afflicted thee shall come bending unto thee; and all they that despised thee shall bow themselves down at the soles of thy feet; and they shall call thee The city of Jehovah, The Zion of the Holy One of Israel.
(Those who afflicted the Israelites will serve Israel during the Millennium. This verse was referenced in Revelation 3:9 from Jesus to the Church in Philadelphia. The people bowed down to other people because God flowed through these other people.)
15 Whereas thou hast been forsaken and hated, so that no man passed through thee, I will make thee an eternal excellency, a joy of many generations.
(Because of afflictions God will exalt in response to Justice.)
16 Thou shalt also suck the milk of the nations, and shalt suck the breast of kings; and thou shalt know that I, Jehovah, am thy Saviour, and thy Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob.
(The Gentiles and Israelites alike will know that God is their Savior, Redeemer, and Mighty One.)
17 For brass I will bring gold, and for iron I will bring silver, and for wood brass, and for stones iron. I will also make thy officers peace, and thine exactors righteousness.
(The Millennium will be a time of abundance.)
18 Violence shall no more be heard in thy land, desolation nor destruction within thy borders; but thou shalt call thy walls Salvation, and thy gates Praise.
(The Millennium will be a peaceful time.)
19 The sun shall be no more thy light by day; neither for brightness shall the moon give light unto thee: but Jehovah will be unto thee an everlasting light, and thy God thy glory.
(God will be the Light of the world.)
20 Thy sun shall no more go down, neither shall thy moon withdraw itself; for Jehovah will be thine everlasting light, and the days of thy mourning shall be ended.
21 Thy people also shall be all righteous; they shall inherit the land for ever, the branch of my planting, the work of my hands, that I may be glorified.
22 The little one shall become a thousand, and the small one a strong nation; I, Jehovah, will hasten it in its time.
(Nations will increase during this time of peace and long life.)
(This post covered the beginning of the third section of Part II of the Book of Isaiah. The focus was on Christ's physical return and events during the Millennium.)